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What Are the Different Types of Spinal Surgeries?

March 18, 2021

The spine is an intertwined system of bones, muscles, nerves, and more. It has the important job of supporting the body’s structure so it can complete everyday functions.

It is designed to protect the spinal cord, which is a column of nerves that connects your brain to your body. This is what allows you to control your body’s movements. So clearly, your spine health is important.

Whether you’re already preparing for spinal surgery or just want to learn more about spine health, read on about the different types of spinal surgeries.


Types of Spinal Surgeries

Spinal surgery is performed to correct various kinds of back pain. A spine specialist can tell you which surgery is best for you based on your unique situation. In the meantime, here are 4 major spinal surgeries:

Lumbar Decompression Surgery

Lumbar decompression surgery (lumbar laminectomy) is performed to correct spinal stenosis, the narrowing of the spinal canal due to pressure placed on the spinal cord.

This surgery involves partially or completely removing the lamina. The lamina presses against the spine and causes pain. The goal of lumbar decompression surgery is to expand the canal to release pressure.

Herniated Disc Surgery

Herniated disc surgery entails the partial or complete removal of the injured disc in the back. The surgeon has the option of removing the entire disc and performing spinal fusion surgery to stop the pain. However, this decision comes with a risk. A consequence of the complete removal of the injured disk is the inability to move that part of your back.

Spinal Fusion Surgery

Spinal fusion surgery is the process of connecting two adjacent vertebrae. The physician uses small screws and rods to join the vertebrae. This allows the vertebrate to heal naturally and merge as one. The goal of this surgery is to prevent the pain that occurs when they move against each other.

Lumbar Discectomy

A lumbar discectomy corrects an injured disc in the lower region of the spine. In fact, there are two forms of this surgery: minimally invasive arthroscopic discectomy and open spine surgery.

Minimally invasive arthroscopic discectomy happens on the lumbar spine using micro-tools to take out part of the damaged disc. This procedure eases the pressure on the spinal cord.

Open spine surgery is performed by creating a large incision in the back and retracting the muscles to partially or completely remove the herniated disc. Open spine surgery is more invasive and takes longer, but it is more common.

Learn More About Spine Health

Your spine allows you to complete everyday functions. It is important that it is in good health and to check with a professional if you’re experiencing pain.

All Spine Care offers personalized services and professional answers for each patient. If you have any questions or concerns about the different types of spinal surgeries, reach out to us. We’re happy to help.

Lastly, to learn more about spine health, check out our blog.

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